India is poised to pass a bill that will outlaw commercial surrogacy and impose restrictions on altruistic surrogacy that exclude single people and same-sex couples. This comprehensive article breaks down the perspectives offered by both supporters and critics of the bill.
By Durgesh Nandan Jha | The Times of India | September 30, 2019
A tragic case in India illustrates why many medical practitioners hope the Surrogacy Regulation Bill will ultimately become law. Union health minister describes regulating surrogacy as “the need of the hour” and estimates that between 2,000 and 3,000 surrogacy clinics are operating illegally in the country currently.
Supporters of a new surrogacy bill in India say it would end the exploitation of women and protect the rights of children born through surrogacy. Opponents point out that the bill excludes all intended parents except married heterosexual couples and only allows for altruistic surrogacy, which they view as a violation of women’s rights.
By Herjeet Marway and Gulzaar Barn | The Conversation | July 30, 2018
More countries are pushing for surrogacy regulations that safeguard the health and well-being of people acting as surrogates. However, as this article explains, these changes are limited in how effectively they address problem of exploitation because surrogacy laws still vary drastically by country.
In the mid-1990s, the international community pronounced prenatal sex selection via abortion an “act of violence against women” and “unethical.” At the same time, new developments in reproductive technology in the United States led to a method of sex selection before conception; its US inventor marketed the practice as “family balancing” and defended it with the rhetoric of freedom of choice. In Gender before Birth, Rajani Bhatia takes on the double standard of how similar practices in the West and non-West are divergently named and framed.
Bhatia’s extensive fieldwork includes interviews with clinicians, scientists, biomedical service providers, and feminist activists, and her resulting analysis extends both feminist theory on reproduction and feminist science and technology studies. She argues that we are at the beginning of a changing transnational terrain that presents new challenges to theorized inequality in reproduction, demonstrating how the technosciences often get embroiled in colonial gender and racial politics.