Surrogacy regulations around the world, captured in maps and data.

Surrogacy Regulation by Country

NOTE: The global map will be updated soon to reflect recent changes in regulation. 
There is no international regulation of surrogacy. Surrogacy laws vary considerably around the world, and many countries do not regulate commercial or altruistic surrogacy at all. In some countries, like the United States, Australia, and Mexico, regulations vary by state. Intended parents pursuing surrogacy arrangements should independently verify the laws in the country where arrangements are being made and in the country where they plan to reside. Practices on the ground do not always reflect the laws of that country.

It is very important to know that most US family law organizations and attorneys with expertise in surrogacy and LGBTQ family formation recommend against engaging in international surrogacy: people who hire a surrogate in another country have sometimes been unable to bring their child home because they could not establish their child as a United States citizen. This is true for other countries as well.

 
 
Commercial: prohibited
Altruistic: prohibited
 
Commercial: prohibited
Altruistic: unregulated
 
Commercial: prohibited
Altruistic: permitted
 
Commercial: unregulated
Altruistic: unregulated
 
Commercial: legal
Altruistic: legal
 
Commercial: No Information
Altruistic: No Information
 

Please note: where an “X” appears, the criterion is prohibited. Where a “” appears, the criterion is permitted. The table can also be sorted by clicking on the individual column headers. You can further filter the information by individual country or surrogacy policies.

 
 
 
 
 

The table can also be sorted by clicking on the individual column headers. To view the official text, click on those records that have ““.

 
 

NOTE: The US map will be updated soon to reflect recent changes in regulation.
The United States doesn’t regulate surrogacy at a federal level. Four states prohibit all surrogacy arrangements, 12 states permit and regulate paid surrogacy, more than half of states have some regulation but not comprehensive policy, and a number of states have no regulation at all (generally because it has not yet been taken up by the state legislature).

 
 

At a federal level, commercial surrogacy is prohibited and altruistic surrogacy is unregulated.

 
 

At a federal level, both commercial and altruistic surrogacy are unregulated. Only five states regulate surrogacy.