Surrogacy regulations around the world, captured in maps and data.
Regulation Details in the United States
In the state pop-up boxes on above map:
GS=Gestational Surrogacy; GT=Genetic Surrogacy; SS=Same Sex; IP=Intended Parents
The United States does not regulate surrogacy at a federal level. States regulate surrogacy through statutes (legislation) and case law (court cases).
NOTE: This map and accompanying map narrative are intended to provide information regarding legal rights in the United States. Because laws and legal procedures are subject to frequent change and differing interpretations, we cannot ensure this information is current nor be responsible for any use to which it is put. Do not rely on this information without consulting with legal counsel in the state where you plan to work with a person acting as a surrogate and the state in which you reside.
US map updated by National Center for Lesbian Rights.
Surrogacy Regulation by Country
NOTE: The global map will be updated soon to reflect recent changes in regulation.
There is no international regulation of surrogacy. Surrogacy laws vary considerably around the world, and many countries do not regulate commercial or altruistic surrogacy at all. In some countries, like the United States, Australia, and Mexico, regulations vary by state. Intended parents pursuing surrogacy arrangements should independently verify the laws in the country where arrangements are being made and in the country where they plan to reside. Practices on the ground do not always reflect the laws of that country.
It is very important to know that most US family law organizations and attorneys with expertise in surrogacy and LGBTQ family formation recommend against engaging in international surrogacy: people who hire a surrogate in another country have sometimes been unable to bring their child home because they could not establish their child as a United States citizen. This is true for other countries as well.
Please note: where an “X” appears, the criterion is prohibited. Where a “” appears, the criterion is permitted. The table can also be sorted by clicking on the individual column headers. You can further filter the information by individual country or surrogacy policies.
The table can also be sorted by clicking on the individual column headers. To view the official text, click on those records that have ““.
At a federal level, commercial surrogacy is prohibited and altruistic surrogacy is unregulated.
At a federal level, both commercial and altruistic surrogacy are unregulated. Only five states regulate surrogacy.