Related Reading

The Bay Area is an incubator for the future of fertility

By Alexandra Suich Bass | The Economist 1843 | June 15, 2019 

This article summarizes the growing demand for surrogacy in the California Bay Area, especially within the tech industry. High salaries, entrepreneurial culture, and an advantageous legal system contribute to this new trend, and may be an indicator of where the rest of the country is heading.

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Surrogate Pregnancy Battle Pits Progressives Against Feminists

By Vivian Wang | The New York Times | June 12, 2019 

A New York State bill that would legalize commercial surrogacy has, despite strong progressive support, been faced with opposition from prominent feminists. This article summarizes positions on different sides of the debate surrounding the bill.

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Feminists Call to Abolish Surrogacy in Europe

By Nic Zumaran | BioEdge | May 26, 2019 

The French feminist group “International Coalition for the Abolition of Surrogate Motherhood” (ICASM) is asking the candidates running in the June 2019 European elections to support a complete ban on commercial and altruistic surrogacy.

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Both Parents Are American. The U.S. Says Their Baby Isn’t.

By Sarah Mervosh | The New York Times | May 21, 2019 

The U.S. State Department has come under intense scrutiny in recent months amidst accusations it discriminates against same-sex couples by requiring higher citizenship standards for their children—even when the couple is legally married.

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Cambodia Urged Not to Criminalize Surrogate Mothers With New Law

By Matt Blomberg | Reuters | May 17, 2019 

Eleven women were recently jailed in Cambodia for agreeing to act as surrogates. Women’s rights activists are campaigning for a change to the law, under which surrogates may face up to 20 years in prison if discovered.

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Trump Administration to LGBT Couples: Your ‘Out of Wedlock’ Kids Aren’t Citizens

By Scott Bixby | Daily Beast | May 15, 2019 

American parents who enter into surrogacy arrangements in countries outside the U.S. often assume—based on precedent—that their child will be eligible for birthright citizenship. However, the Trump administration now interprets the Immigration and Nationality Act to mean that “a child born abroad must be biologically related to a U.S. citizen parent,” a reality that puts many LGBTQ families at heightened risk for legal complications.

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