A curated selection of articles and research representing different perspectives on international surrogacy.

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Surrogacy, Assisted Reproduction, and COVID: Stark Problems, Underlying Concerns

By Emily Galpern | Center for Genetics and Society | May 27, 2020

This blog post provides an overview of the numerous unsettling situations that have arisen since COVID-19 changed the landscape of assisted reproduction and international surrogacy.  It shows how the pandemic is illuminating pre-existing problems related to assisted reproduction and surrogacy, highlights the need for stronger regulations, and calls for input from all who will be affected.

Spanish Parents Finally Reach Surrogate Baby in Ukraine

By Nick Connolly and Enrique Anarte | DW News | June 11, 2020

This video features the journey of a Spanish couple to meet their baby born to a surrogate one month prior in Ukraine, during the COVID-19 lockdown. The interviewer explains how they traveled over 10,000 kilometers from Madrid to Ukraine and back again after being turned away at the border due to insufficient documents. In order for their daughter to be recognized as a citizen in Spain, where surrogacy is illegal, the couple will likely have to go to court.

Watch the video here ->

Surrogacy in Mexico: The Consequences of Poor Regulation

Surrogacy in Mexico: The Consequences of Poor Regulation, a report from GIRE – Information Group on Reproductive Choice, provides a picture of surrogacy regulation in Mexico, including analysis of state and federal laws, description of litigated cases, and recommendations to guarantee human rights protections for all parties involved.

The accompanying video features the stories of two surrogates in Tabasco and two sets of parents: a gay male couple from the U.S. and a Mexican and Argentinian heterosexual couple in Mexico. Both couples would have been prevented from engaging in surrogacy after a new law passed in Tabasco in 2016.

International Principles for Donor Conception and Surrogacy

This set of international principles, intended to safeguard the human rights and best interests of people born from donor conception or surrogacy, call for strict regulation in countries that permit these practices. Examples include the right to identifying information about biological parents, siblings, and surrogate mothers, and prohibitions on transnational surrogacy and donor conception.

Watch the presentation by donor-conceived and surrogate-born people at the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Nov. 19, 2019), which led to the development of these principles.

Legal Basics for LGBTQ Parents

The New York Times Parenting section offers advice from four experts at key LGBTQ legal and policy organizations on navigating parenting options (donor conception, surrogacy, fostering, adoption) in the U.S.


Research Highlights

cover of Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
Making and Breaking Families – Reading Queer Reproductions, Stratified Reproduction and Reproductive Justice Together
By Marcin Smietana et al. Reproductive Biomedicine and Society Online, 2018, Volume 7 pgs. 112–130.

Cover of Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Surrogacy Relationships: A Critical Interpretative Review
By Jenny Gunnarsson Payne, Elzbieta Korolczuk, and Signe Mezinska. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, Published online: Feb. 19, 2020.

Baby Markets and Global Inequalities: Conundrums of Commodification, Care and Social Reproduction in International Commercial Surrogacy
By Kristen Cheney. This article was originally published in Development and Change, 2018, Volume 49 Issue 4 pgs. 1127-1139 and is republished here with permission.